Traversal Convenience API

Convenience functions for traversing the object tree.

This module provides zope.traversing.interfaces.ITraversalAPI

zope.traversing.api.joinPath(path, *args)[source]

Join the given relative paths to the given path.

Returns a text (unicode) path.

The path should be well-formed, and not end in a ‘/’ unless it is the root path. It can be either a string (ascii only) or unicode. The positional arguments are relative paths to be added to the path as new path segments. The path may be absolute or relative.

A segment may not start with a ‘/’ because that would be confused with an absolute path. A segment may not end with a ‘/’ because we do not allow ‘/’ at the end of relative paths. A segment may consist of ‘.’ or ‘..’ to mean “the same place”, or “the parent path” respectively. A ‘.’ should be removed and a ‘..’ should cause the segment to the left to be removed. joinPath('/', '..') should raise an exception.


Returns a string representing the physical path to the object.


Returns the root of the traversal for the given object.

zope.traversing.api.traverse(object, path, default=<object object>, request=None)[source]

Traverse path relative to the given object.

  • path (str) – a string with path segments separated by ‘/’.
  • request – Passed in when traversing from presentation code. This allows paths like “@@foo” to work.

zope.location.interfaces.LocationError – if path cannot be found


Calling traverse with a path argument taken from an untrusted source, such as an HTTP request form variable, is a bad idea. It could allow a maliciously constructed request to call code unexpectedly. Consider using traverseName instead.

zope.traversing.api.traverseName(obj, name, default=<object object>, traversable=None, request=None)[source]

Traverse a single step name relative to the given object.

name must be a string. ‘.’ and ‘..’ are treated specially, as well as names starting with ‘@’ or ‘+’. Otherwise name will be treated as a single path segment.

You can explicitly pass in an ITraversable as the traversable argument. If you do not, the given object will be adapted to ITraversable.

request is passed in when traversing from presentation code. This allows paths like “@@foo” to work.

Raises:zope.location.interfaces.LocationError – if path cannot be found and default was not provided.

Get the name an object was traversed via.


Returns the container the object was traversed via.

Returns None if the object is a containment root.

Raises:TypeError – if the object doesn’t have enough context to get the parent.

Returns a list starting with the given object’s parent followed by each of its parents.

Raises:TypeError – if the context doesn’t go all the way down to a containment root.

Returns a canonical absolute unicode path for the path or object.

Resolves segments that are ‘.’ or ‘..’.

Raises:ValueError – if a badly formed path is given.